• A medium sized tree with an irregular, spreading crown.
• Trunk and branches are extremely thorny. The thorns are very rigid, sharp, and can be solitary or branched into three.
• Flowers May to June, with the seedpods ripening September to October.
• Can grow in a variety of soils but prefers rich moist soil.
• The seedpods are eaten by cattle, whitetail deer, and other wildlife species.