• Tall (40-80 in.), robust, glabrous perennial, growing in clumps.
• Early growth provides considerable forage for livestock; however, palatability declines rapidly with maturity.
• Deer will consume the young, green foliage.
• Bobwhite quail, turkey, prairie chickens, ground feeding songbirds, and small mammals eat the seeds.
• Adapted to open sandy or gravelly sites, frequent in sand dunes.